The Gothic period was the point at which the register grate, taking the ideas of Rumford, replaced the hob grate. The register grate at this time was round-topped.
Fire surrounds were in marble in the larger rooms of grander houses, slate in others, and cast iron and wood in the rest.
Fireplaces in the hall, drawing and dining rooms were sometimes huge and open, perhaps in the form of an ingle-nook. The surround was in stone or heavily ornamented wood.
The range was usual method for cooking and heating water.