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Lincrusta

Lincrusta was invented in 1877 by Frederick Walton. It is a very heavy relief 'paper' made to a similar formula as linoleum. A backing, initially of canvas and later paper, was covered with a mixture of fibre, whiting, linseed oil, resin and paraffin wax. The pattern was applied by passing it through two rollers, one of which had the pattern. The paper was then dried gently for about two weeks. From 1883 it was manufactured in America under licence.

One of Walton's employees, Thomas Palmer, invented a cheaper alternative and left the company to produce it - Anaglypta.